Business Demographics Database: employee counts and establishment counts from Scan/US

Scan/US Business 2019

A comprehensive geographic summary database of U.S. business and employee counts

Scan/US Business 2019

Scan/US Business 2019 presents geographic summaries of data from a comprehensive, industry-standard business list of over thirteen million establishments covering one hundred and forty eight million employees. Establishment and employment data are classified by standard industry categories (SIC and NAICS), establishment size, a custom business type with focus on land-use, and employee occupation. Summaries are available for all standard levels of geography, including US, states, MSAs, places, counties, county subdivisions, Zip codes, census tracts, block groups and Scan/US microgrids. Users of the Scan/US application can easily obtain custom summaries for user-defined polygonal areas, ring and drive time areas and any arbitrary groupings of standard geography. The data are current as of November 2019.

Database Editions

The database is published as an add-on to the Scan/US subscription in two editions, Business Summary/Occupation and Business Type/Industry.

The Business Summary/Occupation edition includes the following two datalists:

  • Business Summary
  • Employees by Occupation
The Business Type/Industry edition includes the following four datalists:
  • Business by Industry (NAICS)
  • Business by Industry (SIC)
  • Business by Type
  • Retail (NAICS)

Data sources and methodology

Primary source for the summary database is the InfoGroup (formerly InfoUSA) business-list data base. This list is compiled from multiple sources such as business white pages and Yellow Pages, annual and 10K SEC filings, and government and USPS data, and continuously maintained through annual telephone verification of data for each business in the database. Data for each business establishment include its physical location, actual reported (or in some cases estimated) number of employees, and multiple codes detailing its industrial, franchising and administrative/subsidiary classification. Branch locations of multiple-location firms are distinguished from their headquarters, both national and regional.

Scan/US geocoded virtually all source database records with physical addresses at the address level and these records then participate in summaries on all levels. About 5.3% of the establishments are addressed to post office boxes in multi-coded city Zip codes; these could be geolocated down to the Zip and county levels only.

Scan/US estimated the distribution of employees by occupation for each summary area. The occupation categories correspond to the occupation breakdown reported in the 2010 Census. Employees of individual establishments were assigned to the several occupation categories using a localized industry-to-occupation matrix. For each of 20 summary industries, the matrix used presents the proportion of total employment accounted for by each of 24 occupation categories. To account for regional differences, individual matrices were developed for each of the 179 Bureau of Economic Analysis economic areas, county aggregates of economically-related counties. A national matrix was derived from the 2010 5-year American Community Survey public use microdata sample and, for each economic area, recalibrated to match 2010 Census occupation counts and the business database industry counts.

Summary data available

Data available on all levels of geography include (number of items indicated in parentheses):

  • Totals
    • Counts of establishments and employees (2)
    • Counts of administrative establishments and employees (2)
  • Employee size
    • Establishments by number of employees (9)
    • Establishments with 20+ employees by industry (SIC and NAICS) (74, 104)
  • Industry
    • Establishments by SIC industry (74)
    • Employment by SIC industry (74)
    • Establishments by NAICS industry (104)
    • Employment by NAICS industry (104)
  • Occupation
    • Employment by occupation (24)
  • Business type
    • Establishments by business type (38)
    • Employment by business type (38)
  • Retail
    • Establishments by retail category (68)
    • Employment by retail category (68)

Establishment size by number of employees

Employee size of establishments is recorded in the source database as an actual count of employees and as an assignment to an employee size range category (e.g., 5 to 10 employees). In a substantial number of cases the "actual" number of employees was obtained as a result of the annual telephone follow-up. In remaining cases the number was modeled using detailed industry-specific average employment size rates reported in the US Census County Business Patterns, adjusted to agree with major industry averages at the county level.

The establishment employee size estimates do not distinguish between full-time and part-time employment. Underreported in the database are agricultural and public sector establishments and employment, largely reflecting the obtainable sources for the business list and its focus on private sector businesses. Often the employment for an entire jurisdiction is reported at the location of the public agency headquarters. Establishments with over 10000 employees were screened and their employment counts in some cases revised after comparison against independent sources.

Counts by employee size are reported in 9 categories:

  • 1 -4 employees
  • 5 - 9 employees
  • 10 - 19 employees
  • 20 - 49 employees
  • 50 - 99 employees
  • 100 - 249 employees
  • 250 - 499 employees
  • 500 - 999 employees
  • 1000+ employees

Establishments with twenty or more employees are additionally summarized by for each SIC and NAICS industry.

Industry

Establishments and employment are summarized both by NAICS code and by SIC code. The NAICS (North American Industrial Classification System) coding scheme became in 1997 the national standard for identifying a firm's primary business activity, replacing the SIC (Standard Industrial Classification) coding system used over several decades for reporting economic statistics. NAICS was designed to more accurately reflect the changing industrial composition of US economy: the shift from manufacturing to a service-based economy, emergence of information and hi-tech industries and of large-scale retailing .

Previous editions of the business database were limited to industry summary by SIC only. Legacy SIC codes continue to be used for various purposes by agencies in some states and by business.In the source business list itself, the native industry coding employs multiple 6-digit SIC codes to describe the various facets of a firm's business.

NAICS classification

Establishments and employment counts are reported for 104 NAICS industries. These consolidate the 1170 individual industry codes at varying levels of detail. Retail trade is summarized here at the 3-digit subsector level; an expanded list of 68 retail trade and service categories is presented separately, see below. The industries are grouped into 21 NAICS sectors in the list following (codes defining the industry categories appear with each title).

Establishments SIC-coded "Agricultural Services (07)" have been reclassified in the source database into various NAICS industries, resulting in an empty NAICS "Agricultural Services (115)" category in the present edition.

Agriculture/forestry/fishing Retail trade
  • 1 Agriculture/forestry/fishing (11 exc 115)
  • 2 Agricultural services (115)
Mining
  • 3 Oil and gas extraction (211)
  • 4 Coal/ore mining (21 exc 211)
Utilities
  • 5 Utilities (22)
Construction
  • 6 General construction (23 exc 237)
  • 7 Heavy construction (237)
Manufacturing
  • 8 Food mfg (311)
  • 9 Beverage, tobacco products (312)
  • 10 Textile mills (313)
  • 11 Textile products (314)
  • 12 Apparel mfg (315)
  • 13 Leather mfg (316)
  • 14 Wood products (321)
  • 15 Paper mfg (322)
  • 16 Printing (323)
  • 17 Petroleum, coal products
  • 18 Chemicals (325)
  • 19 Plastics/rubber products (326)
  • 20 Nonmetallic mineral products (327)
  • 21 Primary metal mfg (331)
  • 22 Fabricated metals (332)
  • 23 Machinery mfg (333)
  • 24 Computer, electronic products
  • 25 Electrical equipment, appliances (335)
  • 26 Transportation equipment (336)
  • 27 Furniture mfg (337)
  • 28 Miscellaneous manufacturing (33 nec)
Wholesale trade
  • 29 Durable goods (423)
  • 30 Nondurable goods (424)
  • 31 Electronic markets and brokers (425)
Retail trade
  • 32 Motor vehicle and parts dealers (441)
  • 33 Furniture and home furnishings (442)
  • 34 Electronics and appliances (443) Mining
  • 35 Building materials and garden supplies (444)
  • 36 Food and beverage stores (445)
  • 37 Health and personal care stores (446)
  • 38 Gasoline stations (447)
  • 39 Clothing and clothing accessories (448)
  • 40 Sporting goods, hobby, book, music stores (451)
  • 41 General merchandise stores (452)
  • 42 Miscellaneous store retailers (453)
  • 43 Nonstore retailers (454)
Transportation and warehousing
  • 44 Transportation (48)
  • 45 Warehousing/storage, postal/courier service Information
Information
  • 46 Publishing (511 nec)
  • 47 Software publishers (5112)
  • 48 Motion pictures and video (512 nec)
  • 49 Movie theaters (512131)
  • 50 Broadcasting (except Internet) (515)
  • 51 Telecommunications (517)
  • 52 Data processing, hosting (518)
  • 53 Other Information Services (519)
Finance and insurance
  • 54 Banking and related (52 nec)
  • 55 Insurance carriers and related (524)
Real estate, rental and leasing
  • 56 Real estate (531)
  • 57 Rental and leasing (53 nec)
Professional, scientific, technical services
  • 58 Legal services (5411)
  • 59 Accounting and related (5412)
  • 60 Architectural, engineering and related (5413)
  • 61 Specialized design (5414)
  • 62 Computer systems design and related (5415)
  • 63 Management, scientific, technical consulting (5416)
  • 64 Scientific research and development (5417)
  • 65 Advertising, public relations, and related (5418)
  • 66 Other prof/scientific/tech services (5419)
Management of companies and enterprises
  • 67 Management of companies and enterprises (55)
Administrative and waste management services
  • 68 Administrative and support (561)
  • 69 Waste management and remediation (562)
Educational services
  • 70 Elementary and Secondary Schools (6111)
  • 71 Colleges, universities (6112-3)
  • 72 Business schools, computer and mgnt training (6114)
  • 73 Technical and trade schools (6115)
  • 74 Educational services (611 nec)
Health care and social assistance
  • 75 Offices of physicians (6211)
  • 76 Offices of dentists (6212)
  • 77 Other health practitioners (6213)
  • 78 Outpatient care (6214)
  • 79 Medical and diagnostic laboratories (6215)
  • 80 Home health care services (6216)
  • 81 Ambulatory health care services (621 nec)
  • 82 General medical and surgical hospitals (6221)
  • 83 Psychiatric, substance abuse hospitals (6222)
  • 84 Other hospitals (622 nec)
  • 85 Nursing and residential care (623)
  • 86 Individual and family services (6241)
  • 87 Community relief services (6242)
  • 88 Vocational rehabilitation (6243)
  • 89 Child day care services (6244)
Arts, entertainment, and recreation
  • 90 Performing arts (7111)
  • 91 Spectator sports (7112)
  • 92 Promoters of performing arts, sports (7113)
  • 93 Agents and Managers (7114)
  • 94 Independent artists, writers, performers (7115)
  • 95 Museums, zoos, historical sites (712)
  • 96 Amusement, gambling, and recreation (713 nec)
  • 97 Fitness Centers (71394)
Accommodation and food services
  • 98 Accommodation (721)
  • 99 Food services and drinking places (722)
Other services
  • 100 Repair and maintenance services (811)
  • 101 Personal care services (812 nec)
  • 102 Death care services (8122)
  • 103 Religious, civic, professional orgs (813)
Public administration
  • 104 Public administration

SIC classification

Establishments are classified into 74 categories by SIC code. These are summary categories mostly at the 2-digit major industry level, although some further detail is broken out in retail and retail services. Establishments that could not be classified are relatively few, involving about 2%of the total and a negligible amount of employment. The following lists the SIC categories used (codes making up the categories are in parentheses):
Agriculture/forestry/fishing
  • 1 Agriculture, forestry, fishing (01-2,08-9)
  • 2 Agricultural services (07)
Mining
  • 3 Mining (10,12,14)
  • 4 Oil/gas extraction (13)
Contract construction
  • 5 General construction (15)
  • 6 Heavy construction (16-7)
Manufacturing
  • 7 Food mfg (20)
  • 8 Tobacco mfg (21)
  • 9 Textile mills (22)
  • 10 Apparel & other textile mfg (23)
  • 11 Lumber & wood products (24)
  • 12 Furniture & fixture mfg (25)
  • 13 Paper mfg (26)
  • 14 Printing & publishing (27)
  • 15 Chemicals & allied products (28)
  • 16 Petroleum refining (29)
  • 17 Rubber & plastics (30)
  • 18 Leather & leather products (31)
  • 19 Stone, clay, glass, concrete (32)
  • 20 Primary & fabricated metal (33-4)
  • 21 Machinery & equipment mfg (35-9)
Transportation/communications/utilities
  • 22 Transportation (40-6)
  • 23 Travel services (4724-5)
  • 24 Transportation services (47 nec)
  • 25 Communications (48)
  • 26 Utilities (49)
Wholesale trade
  • 27 Wholesale, durables (50)
  • 28 Wholesale, nondurables (51)
Retail trade
  • 29 Building materials, hardware, garden supply dlrs (52)
  • 30 General merchandise stores (53)
  • 31 Food markets (5411 nec)
  • 32 Convenience stores (541103)
  • 33 Other food stores (54 nec)
  • 34 Automotive dealers & gas stations (55)
  • 35 Apparel & accessory stores (56)
  • 36 Furniture stores (5712)
  • 37 Home furnishings stores (5713-4,5719,5722)
  • 38 Home electronics & computer stores (5731,5734)
  • 39 Music stores (5735-6)
  • 40 Restaurants (581208)
  • 41 Other food service (5812 nec)
  • 42 Bars & cocktail lounges (5813)
  • 43 Drug stores (5912)
  • 44 Liquor stores (5921)
  • 45 Specialty retail stores (594,599)
  • 46 Mail order, direct sales, fuel dlrs (596,598)
Finance/insurance/real estate
  • 47 Banking & finance (60-2)
  • 48 Insurance carriers (63)
  • 49 Insurance brokers/agents (64)
  • 50 Real estate (65)
Services
  • 51 Hotels & other lodging (70)
  • 52 Dry cleaners & laundry (72)
  • 53 Beauty & barber shops (7231,7241)
  • 54 Other personal services (7221,7251,7261,7291,7299)
  • 55 Advertising (731)
  • 56 Computer-related services (737)
  • 57 Other business services (73 nec)
  • 58 Automotive repair services (75)
  • 59 Misc repair services (76)
  • 60 Motion pictures & theaters (78,7922)
  • 61 Amusement & entertainment services (79)
  • 62 Medical & health services (801-4)
  • 63 Hospitals & other health facilities (805-9)
  • 64 Legal services (81)
  • 65 Elementary & secondary schools (8211)
  • 66 Colleges & universities (822)
  • 67 Other education & libraries (82 nec)
  • 68 Social services (83 nec)
  • 69 Child care services (8351)
  • 70 Museums & zoos (84)
  • 71 Membership organizations (86)
  • 72 Professional services (87,89)
Government
  • 73 Government
Nonclassifiable establishments
  • 74 Nonclassifiable establishments

Occupation

Occupational breakdown of an area's employment is summarized in 24 categories. This classification corresponds to the standard way the Census Bureau reports occupation, for example in the American Community Survey table C24010. It supersedes the categories used in previous editions of the database which focused on the now obsolete distinction between white and blue collar occupations: these are no longer included. Specific occupations making up the summary categories are listed in detail in Appendix A. The occupation categories are as follows:
Management and professions
  • 1 Management
  • 2 Business and financial operations
  • 3 Computer and mathematical
  • 4 Architecture and engineering
  • 5 Life, physical, and social science
  • 6 Community and social service
  • 7 Legal
  • 8 Education, training, and library
  • 9 Arts, design, entertainment, sports, and media
  • 10 Health diagnosing and treating practitioners
  • 11 Health technologists and technicians
Service occupations
  • 12 Healthcare support
  • 13 Protective service
  • 14 Food preparation and serving
  • 15 Building and grounds maintenance
  • 16 Personal care and service
Sales and office occupations
  • 17 Sales
  • 18 Office and administrative support
Natural resources, construction, maintenance
  • 19 Farming, fishing, and forestry
  • 20 Construction and extraction
  • 21 Installation, maintenance, and repair
Production, transport. material moving
  • 22 Production
  • 23 Transportation
  • 24 Material movingsiness type

Business Type

An industry classification scheme such as NAICS groups establishments based on the similarity of production processes they use, without regard to their land use or siting preference. The business type classification uses detailed SIC codes to group establishments according to their most likely siting in an industrial, manufacturing , commercial or office setting. A crossreference table will be made available upon request.

Categories below whose titles contain terms "small firms", "small module" or "small office" break out establishments with under 10 employees.

Business commonly sited on industrial land
  • 01 Mining
  • 02 Construction
  • 03 Construction, small firms
  • 04 Technological activities & research
  • 05 Transportation
  • 06 Wholesale trade -industrial
  • 07 Warehousing
  • 08 General industrial
Manufacturing
  • 09 Heavy manufacturing
  • 10 General manufacturing
  • 11 Light manufacturing
  • 12 Manufacturing, small module
Business commonly sited on commercial land
  • 13 Retail trade
  • 14 Restaurants & bars
  • 15 Personal, rental, & repair services
  • 16 Automotive repair services
  • 17 Hotels & motels
  • 18 Theaters & other retail amusements
  • 19 Equipment rental
  • 20 Wholesale trade -commercial
  • 21 General commercial
Office-type business
  • 22 Business & corporate administration
  • 23 Finance, insurance, & real estate
  • 24 Finance, insurance, & real estate, small office
  • 25 Professional services
  • 26 Business services
  • 27 General office
  • 28 Medical services
Other business
  • 29 Schools & colleges
  • 30 Libraries
  • 31 Hospitals & related medical services
  • 32 Museums, art galleries, & gardens
  • 33 Outdoor recreation & amusements
  • 34 Public administration
  • 35 Churches
  • 36 Other, nec
Agriculture
  • 37 Agricultural production
  • 38 Agriculture services

Retail

Retail stores and retail services are classified into 68 categories using detailed NAICS codes.

Due to small numbers involved, some categories were combined: e.g, "Luggage and leather goods" with "Clothing Accessories 44825", and "Cafeterias and snack and nonalcoholic beverage bars beverage bars" with "Limited service restaurants". Categories 67 and 68 break out subsets of full service and limited service restaurants that represent chain locations .

Motor vehicle and parts dealers
  • 1 New car dealers (44111)
  • 2 Used car dealers (44112)
  • 3 Other motor vehicle dealers (4412)
  • 4 Auto parts and accessories (44131)
  • 5 Tire dealers (44132)
Furniture and home furnishings
  • 6 Furniture stores (44211)
  • 7 Floor covering stores (44221)
  • 8 Other home furnishings (442 nec)
Electronics and appliances
  • 9 Household appliances (443111)
  • 10 Radio, TV, other electronics, cameras (443 nec)
  • 11 Computers and software (44312)
Building materials and garden supplies
  • 12 Home centers (44411)
  • 13 Paint and wallpaper stores (44412)
  • 14 Hardware stores (44413)
  • 15 Other building materials (444 nec)
  • 16 Nursery and garden centers (44422)
Food and beverage stores
  • 17 Supermarkets (44511)
  • 18 Convenience stores (44512)
  • 19 Specialty food stores (4452)
  • 20 Beer, wine and liquor (44531)
Health and personal care stores
  • 21 Pharmacies and drug stores (44611)
  • 22 Cosmetics and beauty supplies (44612)
  • 23 Optical goods (44613)
  • 24 Health supplements, other personal care (4461 nec)
Gasoline stations
  • 25 Gas stations w/convenience store(44711)
  • 26 Gas stations (447 nec)
Clothing and clothing accessories
  • 27 Men's clothing (44811)
  • 28 Women's clothing (44812)
  • 29 Children's and infants clothing (44813)
  • 30 Family clothing stores (44814)
  • 31 Clothing accessories (44815)
  • 32 Other clothing (44819
  • 33 Shoe stores (44821)
  • 34 Jewelry stores (44831)
Sporting goods, hobby, book, music stores
  • 35 Sporting goods stores (45111)
  • 36 Hobby, toy and game stores (45112)
  • 37 Sewing, needlework, piece goods (45113)
  • 38 Musical instruments and supplies (45114)
  • 39 Book stores (451211)
  • 40 Other leisure goods (4512 nec)
General merchandise stores
  • 41 Department stores (45211)
  • 42 Warehouse club and superstores (45291)
  • 43 Other genereal merchandise stores (452 nec)
Miscellaneous store retailers
  • 44 Florists (45311)
  • 45 Office supplies and stationery (45321)
  • 46 Gifts, novelties, souveniers (45322)
  • 47 Used merchandise (45331)
  • 48 Pets and pet supplies (45391)
  • 49 Other miscellaneous retail (453 nec)
Nonstore retailers
  • 50 Nonstore retailers (454)
Retail services, not elsewhere classified (nec)
  • 51 Movie theaters (512131)
  • 52 Auto equipment rental and leasing (5321)
  • 53 Consumer goods rental (532 nec)
Food services
  • 54 Full-Service Restaurants (7221)
  • 55 Limited-Service Restaurants (7222)
  • 56 Drinking Places (7224)
Personal care services
  • 57 Auto repair services (8111)
  • 58 Consumer electronics repair (8112)
  • 59 Home and garden equipment repair (8114)
  • 60 Barber Shops (812111)
  • 61 Beauty Shops (812112)
  • 62 Nail Salons (812113)
  • 63 Other personal care services (8121 nec)
  • 64 Coin-operated laundries & dry cleaners (81231)
  • 65 Dry cleaning & laundry Services (81232)
  • 66 All other personal services (812 nec)
Restaurant chains
  • 67 Full-Service Restaurant Chains (7221 part)
  • 68 Fast Food/Fast Casual Chains (7222 part)

Data items making up each datalist are listed in Appendix B with counts for the state of California and for the United States as a whole.

This is the end of the list of data categories included in the Business 2019 database.

Each record also includes this data item: the key of the geographic unit to which the record pertains.

Thus, each ZIP code record has, in addition to all its summary data items, the ZIP code, for example #90210. Each Census Tract has the Census tract code, e.g. #06037 3025.02, while each Census block group has the BG code, for instance #06037 1907.00-1.